Vertigo is a type of dizziness that causes a person to feel like they or the world around them is spinning. It can cause feelings of unsteadiness, nausea, and disorientation. Vertigo can be caused by various underlying medical conditions, including:
- Inner ear problems: Certain inner ear disorders, such as Meniere’s disease and labyrinthitis, can cause vertigo.
- Vestibular neuronitis: Inflammation of the vestibular nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain can cause vertigo.
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This is a common cause of vertigo and occurs when small crystals in the inner ear become dislodged and move into one of the semicircular canals.
- Migraines: Some people experience vertigo as a symptom of migraines.
- Stroke: In rare cases, vertigo can be a symptom of a stroke.
Treatment for vertigo depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, simple lifestyle changes, such as avoiding triggers for migraines, can help. In other cases, medications or physical therapy may be necessary. If you are experiencing vertigo, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional to determine the cause and determine the best course of treatment.