Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs but can also spread to other parts of the body. It is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.
Common symptoms of TB include a persistent cough, chest pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fever. In some cases, TB can also cause night sweats and a loss of appetite.
Diagnosis of TB is typically done through a combination of a physical examination, chest X-ray, and a skin or blood test to determine if the person has been exposed to the bacterium.
Treatment for TB typically involves a combination of antibiotics taken over a period of several months to effectively kill the bacterium and prevent the spread of the disease. In addition, treatment may also involve measures to prevent the spread of the disease to others, such as wearing a mask in public and avoiding close contact with others.
It’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have TB or have been exposed to someone with the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment can greatly improve the chances of a full recovery and reduce the risk of spreading the disease to others.