A synthetic anabolic steroid is a man-made version of the male sex hormone testosterone that is designed to promote muscle growth and improve physical performance. Anabolic steroids are classified as a controlled substance in many countries and are illegal to use without a prescription.
Anabolic steroids work by binding to androgen receptors in the body, which can enhance the synthesis of protein and increase the production of red blood cells, leading to an increase in muscle mass and strength. They can also reduce recovery time and delay the onset of fatigue, which can help athletes to train harder and longer.
However, the use of synthetic anabolic steroids can also have serious side effects. They can disrupt the normal hormonal balance in the body, leading to a range of negative effects on both physical and mental health. Common side effects include acne, hair loss, mood swings, and increased aggression. Long-term use can also increase the risk of heart disease, liver damage, and other health problems.
Because of the risks associated with synthetic anabolic steroids, their use is heavily regulated in most countries, and athletes who are caught using them can face serious consequences, including suspension or even a lifetime ban from competition. It is important to note that there are legal, natural alternatives to anabolic steroids that can be used to promote muscle growth and improve physical performance without the negative side effects.