Spastic cerebral palsy is a type of cerebral palsy that is characterized by muscle spasticity and stiffness. It is caused by damage to the motor cortex of the brain, which controls voluntary movements, and it affects approximately 70-80% of people with cerebral palsy.
In spastic cerebral palsy, the muscle stiffness and spasticity can affect the arms, legs, and other parts of the body, making it difficult for individuals to move, walk, or perform everyday tasks. Other symptoms can include abnormal gait, involuntary movements, and contractures, which are the permanent shortening of muscles due to constant spasticity.
Treatment for spastic cerebral palsy typically involves a combination of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and medications to reduce muscle spasticity. In some cases, surgery may be considered to lengthen or release tight muscles, or to correct deformities caused by spasticity.
There are also assistive devices that can be used to improve mobility and independence, such as braces, walkers, or wheelchairs. While there is no cure for spastic cerebral palsy, with appropriate treatment and support, many individuals with this condition can lead active and fulfilling lives.