Rheumatic diseases are a group of conditions that affect the joints, bones, and/or muscles, causing pain, inflammation, and disability. Some of the most common rheumatic diseases include:
- Osteoarthritis: a type of arthritis that occurs when the cartilage in joints wears down, causing pain, stiffness, and limited movement.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints and can lead to pain, swelling, and deformity.
- Gout: a type of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, which leads to pain, swelling, and redness.
- Lupus: a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect many different parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, and brain.
- Ankylosing spondylitis: a type of arthritis that affects the spine and other joints, causing pain, stiffness, and limited movement.
Diagnosis of a rheumatic disease typically involves medical tests, such as blood tests, X-rays, and imaging tests, as well as a physical examination. Treatment for rheumatic diseases can vary, but may include medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes.
It is important to work closely with a doctor to determine the best course of treatment for your specific condition. With proper treatment and management, many people with rheumatic diseases are able to lead healthy and active lives.