“Renal” refers to the kidneys, which are two bean-shaped organs located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage. The kidneys are important for filtering waste products from the blood and excreting them in the urine. They also help regulate fluid balance in the body, control blood pressure, and produce hormones that regulate red blood cell production and promote bone health.
Renal disease, also known as kidney disease, is a common health problem that can lead to a decline in kidney function over time. Some of the most common causes of kidney disease include:
- Diabetes: High blood sugar levels from diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their ability to function properly.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their ability to function properly.
- Glomerulonephritis: This is a group of diseases that affect the tiny filters in the kidneys, known as glomeruli, and can lead to kidney damage.
- Polycystic kidney disease: This is a genetic disorder that causes cysts to form in the kidneys, which can lead to kidney damage and failure over time.
Symptoms of kidney disease can include fatigue, swelling, changes in the amount and frequency of urination, and high blood pressure. Treatment for kidney disease typically involves controlling the underlying cause, such as managing diabetes or high blood pressure, and taking medications to help protect the kidneys and slow the progression of the disease. In advanced cases of kidney disease, dialysis or kidney transplant may be necessary to maintain kidney function. Early detection and management of kidney disease can help prevent serious complications and improve outcomes.