Renal refers to anything related to the kidneys, which are two small organs located in the back of the abdomen that play a crucial role in filtering waste products and excess fluids from the blood. The term “renal” is often used to describe medical conditions or treatments that involve the kidneys.
Some examples of medical terms that use the prefix “renal” include:
- Renal failure: A condition in which the kidneys are no longer able to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood, leading to a buildup of toxins in the body.
- Renal artery stenosis: A narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys, which can lead to reduced kidney function.
- Renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney cancer that begins in the cells that line the small tubes within the kidney.
- Renal transplant: A surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney is transplanted from a donor into a recipient who has kidney failure.
- Renal diet: A specialized diet that is low in protein and certain minerals, such as sodium and potassium, which is often prescribed for people with kidney disease.
Doctors and healthcare professionals may use the term “renal” when referring to the kidneys or when discussing conditions or treatments that involve the kidneys.