Diabetes type-2 is a lifelong condition, a common phenomenon that has globally affected 462 million people on an estimate. This disease mostly develops in people above 45 years of age, but presently is also seen in children and young adults. The root cause of this disease is improper diet and lifestyle. Eating healthy and nutritious food is a pivotal formula for managing diabetes. To maintain the insulin levels, doctors provide the patients with diabetes type-2 oral diabetes medications. This medication for some people, is a forever pill as diabetes is a progressive disease.
Patients with type-2 diabetes either don’t produce insulin or fail to use the amount of insulin the pancreas produces. Insulin is the enzyme that helps the body regulate blood sugar levels. Too much insulin can further affect health. To maintain the amount of insulin in the blood, doctors suggest Glyciphage 500mg. The use of this drug is restricted in children under the age of 10 years. People suffering from this condition are said to have insulin resistance.
Glyciphage 500mg is a FDA approved prescription drug. Any recreational act with this drug is prohibited. It is an oral antihyperglycemic drug.
What is Glyciphage 500mg?
Glyciphage 500mg is a medication used to treat diabetes mellitus of type 2. Largely, this drug is prescribed to obese patients when no exercise or alteration of diet helps to achieve the expected blood sugar control. This drug decreases plasma glucose concentration and thereby prevents any serious health complaints accompanied by diabetes. If high, it brings the glucose levels back to normal.
Patients with diabetes should use Glyciphage 500mg daily as the drug does not help the body form any restorative effects that may cure the disease after a period of usage. This medication does not work if you do not adapt to a physically fit lifestyle. Some doctors also suggest this drug for treating PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) in women. While being on Glyciphage 500 mg, your doctor will monitor your glucose levels to see the efficacy of the drug in your case. You must not use this medication if you have any other type of diabetes other than type 2, without consulting a doctor. Glyciphage 500 mg is a brand drug, also available in generic form as the name Metformin.
Glyciphage 500mg falls under the classification of biguanide drugs. A number of biguanide derivatives are available in the pharmaceutical markets, but Glyciphage 500 mg has a much better safety profile and is used in pharmacotherapy globally.
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How does Glyciphage 500mg work?
The actual mechanism of action of Glyciphage 500mg is not entirely known, but researchers have proposed many assumptions regarding its mechanism of action. Glyciphage 500 mg is a biguanide drug for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus. It acts by preventing glucose production in the liver, improves the body’s sensitivity in the proximity of insulin, and decreases absorption of sugar in the linings of the intestine. Glyciphage 500mg does not affect the output of insulin. This drug also makes the blood cells more active to absorb glucose already present in the bloodstream.
What are The Directions to Use Glyciphage 500mg Tablets?
Take one pill of Glyciphage 500mg at a time with a glass of water or milk, as per your choice. Take Glyciphage 500 mg after meals to avoid bowel problems. Avoid chewing or crushing the tablet instead; you must take it as a whole. Take only the prescribed amount of this medication, as doubling the dose with Glyciphage 500 mg can be dangerous. Stick to the dosage and duration that your doctor has suggested. You can take this drug in conjunction with insulin therapy if required.
Do not take Glyciphage 500 mg without a doctor’s prescription as taking this drug recreationally can affect your normal glucose levels leading to serious health afflictions.
What are The Dosage Guidelines for Glyciphage 500mg?
The dosage and duration of treatment generally depend on the clinical condition of the patient. Since Glyciphage 500mg is a prescription pill, you must take it only after a doctor’s recommendation. The adult oral dosage recommendation for Glyciphage 500 mg is a 500mg pill once or twice a day based on the behavior of the condition. For patients with new exposure to the drug; a single dose of 500mg once a day is suitable. If needed dosage titration is done for maximum benefits without the occurrence of side effects. The maximum allowed limit for Glyciphage 500 mg is 2000mg/day, but this can be done only under a doctor’s discretion.
This drug has shown safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients suffering from diabetes above ten years of age. Doctors do not prescribe this drug to children below the age of 10 years.
If you have overdosed with Glyciphage 500mg, you are likely to experience lactic acidosis. Symptoms of overdose include nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness, or heavy breath.
If you have missed a dose, then take your dose as soon as you recall. If it is just about the time for your next dose, then skip the previous dose. Taking the missed dose as compensation for the previous dose just before the next dose will lead to an overdose.
If you notice any symptoms of overdose after taking Glyciphage 500 mg, then call for emergency medical help or rush to the nearest hospital.
What are The Side Effects of Glyciphage 500mg Tablets?
There are various reasons for the happening of side effects related to the drug. After taking Glyciphage 500mg, you may or may not come across side effects. Sometimes, a person experiences side effects because the body is revving up and reacting to the drug. Side effects in every individual can occur due to different reasons and with varying intensity.
Below is a comprehensive list of side effects you might encounter after taking Glyciphage 500mg.
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Swollen joints
- Severe headache
- Runny nose or nasal congestion
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Discomfort in chest
- Hives or urticaria
A rare and potentially damaging side effect of Glyciphage 500 mg is lactic acidosis. If you see any of these symptoms or discomfort, which are continuous for the long term, then you must get in touch with your healthcare provider. Your doctor will either give dosage titration or provide a substitute drug for treating diabetes type 2.
When Not to Take Glyciphage 500mg Tablet?
Patients with severe kidney, liver, or heart disease must refrain from taking Glyciphage 500mg. The risk of experiencing lactic acidosis is higher in patients with the above aliments. To resolve this problem, your doctor may suggest discontinuation of the treatment with Glyciphage 500 mg. This drug causes vitamin B12 deficiency. If you have a vitamin B12 deficiency, then inform your doctor; so that your doctor may provide vitamin B12 supplements to avoid health hazards. Patients suffering from hypoglycemia must use this drug with utmost precision and care.
Drug Interactions with Glyciphage 500mg
The following drugs interact with Glyciphage 500mg that leads to serious health dysfunctions.
- Iodinated Contrast Media
- Aloe Vera
- Blood thinners
- ACE inhibitors
You must strictly avoid taking the above-mentioned drugs with Glyciphage 500mg.
Precautions to Take While Using Glyciphage 500mg
- It is unsafe to consume alcohol or other alcohol-based beverages while taking Glyciphage 500mg.
- Use this drug only under a doctor’s recommendation.
- Glyciphage 500 mg is normally safe during pregnancy and has observed no harm to the developing baby. Consult a doctor before using this drug during your pregnancy.
- Very little amount of Glyciphage 500 mg is detectable in breast milk. But the substantial exposure to the breastfed baby has posed no adverse effects. Hence, it is safe for use in breastfeeding women with Diabetes type 2.
- Skip driving for sometimes if you have severe high or low blood glucose levels.
- Patients with kidney or liver disease must use this medication with caution. If required, the doctor may provide dosage adjustments to reduce the risk of complications.
- Take this medication for as long as your doctor recommends it for your condition. Do not stop using it on your own.
- If you experience rapid breathing or any other physical abnormalities, then immediately pay a visit to your doctor.
- Your healthcare professional will periodically keep a track of your kidney functioning and blood sugar levels while you are on Glyciphage 500 mg.
- Keep Glyciphage 500 mg away from children’s control, as the use of this drug is unfeasible in children under the age of 10 years.
- Inform your doctor if you have vitamin B12 deficiency because this drug can lower the amount of B12 in your body.
Q. Does Glyciphage 500mg affect kidney functioning?
Glyciphage 500mg has no impact on kidney functioning. The kidney easily flushes the drug out of your body through urine. But if you have kidney dysfunction, then inform your doctor about this.
Q. How long does Glyciphage 500 mg take to work?
Glyciphage 500mg does not instantly start working. It takes at least 4-5 days for significant effects, and wholly it takes three months to show full results.
Q. Does Glyciphage 500mg cause weight loss?
A subsequent weight loss and reduction of fat is observed after using Glyciphage 500 mg, but this effect can vary in every person.
Q. What is the best time to take Glyciphage 500mg?
The best time to take Glyciphage 500 mg is after a meal. This will avoid stomach abnormalities.
Q. What is the maximum allowed dose of Glyciphage 500mfg in a day?
The maximum allowed dose for Glyciphage 500mg in a day is 2000mg. But you should take only the prescribed amount of this drug.