Povidone, also known as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), is a synthetic polymer made from the monomer N-vinylpyrrolidone. It is a water-soluble, white, and virtually tasteless powder that has a wide range of uses in the pharmaceutical and food industries.
In pharmaceuticals, povidone is used as a binding and dispersing agent, and as a binder in the manufacture of tablets and capsules. It is also used as a lubricant, glidant, and disintegrant, and as a coating for oral and topical medications. In the food industry, povidone is used as a thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifier in various products.
Povidone is generally considered safe for use in the amounts typically used in products. It is approved for use by regulatory agencies, including the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). However, some people may experience mild side effects when using products containing povidone, such as skin irritation, itching, and hives. In such cases, it’s important to seek medical attention and discontinue use of the product.