Period Pain (Menstrual Pain) / Dysmenorrhea

Period pain, also known as menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea, refers to the discomfort or pain experienced by women during their menstrual cycle. This pain can vary in severity, duration, and location and can be caused by a number of factors, including hormonal changes, inflammation, and muscle contractions in the uterus.

There are two types of period pain: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type and is caused by the natural contractions of the uterus during menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as endometriosis, fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Some common symptoms of period pain include cramping in the lower abdomen, lower back pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, and diarrhea. Women may also experience mood swings, fatigue, and bloating.

There are several ways to manage period pain, including over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, heat therapy with a hot water bottle or heating pad, exercise, and relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation. In some cases, hormonal birth control or other medical treatments may be necessary to alleviate period pain. It’s important for women to speak with their healthcare provider if they experience severe or worsening period pain, as it may be a sign of an underlying medical condition.

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