The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle found in eukaryotic cells, which contains the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA. It is often referred to as the “control center” of the cell because it regulates gene expression and coordinates the cell’s activities.

The nucleus is typically the largest organelle in the cell, and it is surrounded by a double membrane called the nuclear envelope, which has small pores that allow molecules to move in and out of the nucleus. The interior of the nucleus contains chromatin, which is the DNA combined with proteins, as well as one or more nucleoli, which are regions where ribosomes are assembled.

The DNA in the nucleus is organized into chromosomes, which are long, coiled-up strands of DNA that contain many genes. During cell division, the chromosomes condense and become visible under a microscope.

The nucleus plays a critical role in cell division, as it ensures that each daughter cell receives the correct amount of genetic material. It also regulates gene expression by controlling the transcription and processing of RNA. Finally, it is involved in many other cellular processes, such as DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, and cell signaling.

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