Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that occur when the kidneys leak a large amount of protein into the urine. This can lead to a range of complications, including fluid buildup in the body, malnutrition, and an increased risk of infection.
The main symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include:
- Swelling, especially in the legs, ankles, and feet
- Foamy urine (due to the high level of protein)
- Low levels of protein in the blood (proteinuria)
- High levels of cholesterol in the blood
The exact cause of nephrotic syndrome can vary, but it is often associated with diseases such as kidney disease, lupus, or diabetes.
Treatment for nephrotic syndrome depends on the underlying cause, but may include medications to reduce swelling, control blood pressure, and improve kidney function, as well as a low-salt diet and medications to control cholesterol levels. In some cases, immunosuppressive drugs may be needed to control inflammation and prevent further damage to the kidneys.
It is important to work with a doctor to determine the cause of your nephrotic syndrome and to develop an effective treatment plan. With proper treatment, many people with nephrotic syndrome are able to manage their symptoms and prevent or delay the progression of kidney disease.