Metabolism refers to the complex set of chemical reactions that occur in the body to maintain life and support growth. These reactions convert the food we eat into energy and building blocks for the body’s cells, tissues, and organs.
Metabolism can be divided into two main categories: catabolism, which breaks down molecules to release energy, and anabolism, which uses energy to build molecules.
There are several factors that can affect metabolism, including:
- Genetics: Some people have a naturally faster metabolism than others.
- Age: Metabolism naturally slows down as we age.
- Hormones: Hormones such as thyroid hormones and insulin play a key role in regulating metabolism.
- Body composition: Muscle tissue burns more calories at rest than fat tissue, so having more muscle mass can boost metabolism.
- Physical activity: Regular exercise can increase metabolism by building muscle and boosting the number of calories burned.
While it is not possible to change your genetics, there are steps you can take to boost your metabolism and maintain a healthy weight, such as eating a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and getting enough sleep.
It is important to work with a doctor to determine the best approach to maintaining a healthy metabolism, especially if you have any underlying medical conditions that may affect metabolism.