Meprobamate is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs called anxiolytics and sedatives. It is used to treat anxiety and tension, and also acts as a muscle relaxant. Meprobamate was first introduced in the 1950s and was widely used in the United States until the 1980s.
Meprobamate works by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, which reduces anxiety and muscle tension. It is typically taken orally in tablet form and is available in both brand-name and generic versions.
Meprobamate has a risk of abuse and dependence, and it is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). It can cause side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Meprobamate should not be taken with alcohol or other sedatives as it can increase the risk of respiratory depression and other adverse effects.
Meprobamate is not commonly prescribed in the United States today due to its potential for abuse and dependence, and because there are safer and more effective medications available for the treatment of anxiety and muscle tension.