Mania is a state of elevated or irritable mood, energy, and activity levels that can last for at least one week or longer. It is a key symptom of bipolar disorder, a mental health condition characterized by episodes of mania and depression.
During a manic episode, a person may experience a wide range of symptoms, including:
- Elevated mood or irritability
- Increased energy or restlessness
- Decreased need for sleep
- Racing thoughts or speech
- Grandiosity or inflated self-esteem
- Risky or impulsive behavior, such as spending sprees, sexual promiscuity, or substance abuse
- Poor judgment and decision-making
- Agitation or aggression
Mania can cause significant impairment in a person’s daily functioning, social relationships, and work or school performance. It can also lead to hospitalization if the person’s behavior becomes dangerous or if they experience psychosis, which is a loss of touch with reality.
Treatment for mania typically involves a combination of medication, such as mood stabilizers or antipsychotics, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or family therapy. It is important for people with bipolar disorder to work closely with their healthcare provider to manage their symptoms and prevent future episodes.