Liver damage is a condition that occurs when the liver becomes impaired or unable to function properly. There are several potential causes of liver damage, including:
- Viral infections, such as hepatitis B or C
- Alcohol abuse or excessive consumption of alcohol over time
- Exposure to toxins, such as certain chemicals or drugs
- Obesity and related conditions, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Autoimmune disorders that cause the body to attack the liver
The symptoms of liver damage can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but may include fatigue, abdominal pain, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, and nausea or vomiting.
If left untreated, liver damage can progress to more serious conditions, such as liver cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer. Treatment for liver damage will depend on the underlying cause of the condition, but may include lifestyle changes, medications, or, in severe cases, liver transplant surgery.
Preventing liver damage involves taking steps to reduce the risk of exposure to harmful substances and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This may include limiting alcohol consumption, avoiding exposure to toxins, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting vaccinated for hepatitis B and C. If you are concerned about your liver health, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider about appropriate screening and prevention strategies.