Lactose monohydrate is a type of sugar that is composed of glucose and galactose. It is the main carbohydrate found in milk and is commonly referred to as milk sugar. Lactose monohydrate is a white, crystalline powder that is soluble in water and has a sweet taste.
Lactose monohydrate is used in a variety of food and pharmaceutical products as a filler, sweetener, and stabilizer. In the food industry, it is used as an ingredient in a range of products, including baked goods, confectionery, dairy products, and other processed foods. In pharmaceuticals, lactose monohydrate is used as a filler and excipient in the manufacture of tablets and capsules, where it helps to bind ingredients together and improve the stability of the product.
Lactose intolerance is a common condition in which the body is unable to fully digest lactose, leading to symptoms such as bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. People with lactose intolerance can often still consume small amounts of lactose without experiencing symptoms, but many choose to avoid products containing lactose altogether. In these cases, alternative sweeteners or excipients can be used in place of lactose monohydrate.