Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a key role in regulating blood sugar levels in the body. Insulin helps to transport glucose from the bloodstream into cells throughout the body, where it can be used for energy or stored for later use.
In individuals with diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not effectively use the insulin it produces. This can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can cause a variety of health problems over time.
Insulin therapy is a common treatment for diabetes, particularly for individuals with type 1 diabetes who do not produce enough insulin on their own. Insulin therapy involves injecting insulin into the body using a syringe, insulin pen, or insulin pump. There are several types of insulin available, each with a different onset, peak, and duration of action, and insulin regimens are tailored to individual needs based on factors such as blood sugar levels, lifestyle, and other health conditions.
While insulin therapy can be an effective way to manage blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes, it does require careful monitoring and adjustment to prevent hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and other potential side effects. It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate insulin regimen and to monitor blood sugar levels regularly to ensure that treatment is working effectively and safely.