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Inflammation

What is Inflammation ?

A medical condition called inflammation occurs when your body responds to harmful stimuli such as damaged cells, pathogens, irritants, etc. It is a complex process within the human body whose basic function is protection. It involves using molecular mediators, blood vessels and immune cells. Besides, inflammation is a process your body triggers to eliminate injury by removing necrotic cells and damaged tissues. Five medical signs indicate the initiation of an inflammatory reaction within the body, including redness, pain, swelling, heat and loss of function. Therefore, it is to help you better understand all basic facts about inflammation. Here is presenting this blog. 

 

How does Inflammation Occur in The Human Body?

Inflammation is a process of the body which is very complicated and involves a complex network of immunological, physiological, and behavioural events. This procedure helps protect your body from foreign particles functions via four major steps. They are as follows:

  1. Activation of local inflammatory factors in response to tissue damage 
  2. Triggering of the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier due to inflammation 
  3. Recruitment of the circulatory inflammatory cells (cytokines, chemokines etc.) begins 
  4. Finally, the process of repairing tissue damage begins  

Also, STAT is a family of proteins which plays a major role during inflammation, serving multiple functions. It is, however, dependent on the inflammatory inducer.  

 

What are The Types of Inflammation?

You need to understand that there are two types of inflammation. They include: 

  • Acute inflammation:

  Usually, this type of inflammation occurs when there is sudden damage within your body—for example, cutting off a finger. It is thus to help heal this wound due to the cut that your body sends inflammatory cells to the site of damage. Finally, the initiation of the healing process begins. 

  • Chronic inflammation:

  It is when your body constantly sends out inflammatory cells despite no external danger that chronic inflammation occurs. For example, in rheumatoid arthritis, your body sends inflammatory cells that continuously attack joint tissues. It leads to chronic inflammation, which keeps coming and going to cause severe damage.

 

Causative or Risk Factors That Contribute to Inflammation:

 Like several other medical conditions, a few factors also lead to inflammation. Some of them include the following: 

  1. Use of a certain type of medications 
  2. Constant exposure to foreign particles or substances that your body cannot get rid of easily 
  3. Medical conditions that are chronic and acute 

You should also know that recurrent episodes of acute inflammation do lead to this disorder becoming chronic over some time.

Certain types of food can play a role in worsening chronic or acute inflammation in individuals with autoimmune diseases. They are:

  1. Sugar
  2. Alcohol
  3. Trans fat
  4. Meat which is processed
  5. Refined carbohydrates

 

What are The Symptoms of Inflammation?

 Since you can acquire inflammation acutely and chronically, the symptoms vary accordingly. They are as follows: 

Acute Inflammation:
  1. Swelling 
  2. Heat 
  3. Tenderness or pain 
  4. The presence of flushed skin at the injury site 
Chronic Inflammation:

Compared with acute, it is a chronic pain that is difficult to spot. These will include the following: 

  1. Fatigue 
  2. Chest pain 
  3. Fever 
  4. Pain in the abdomen  
  5. Joint pain or stiffness 

 

How to Diagnose Inflammation?

There is no single diagnostic test for inflammation but several available in the market.  It is depending on the type of  inflammatory disorder you are suffering that your doctor will ask you to perform any of the tests given below. They are as follows;

  1. Blood test 
  2. C-reactive protein 
  3. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate or ESR 
  4. Plasma viscosity 
  5. Serum Protein Electophoresis (SPR)  

 

What are The Treatment Options for Inflammation?

In life sometimes all you need to stop an inflammation is to make a slight change in diet. This means that all you need to do is treat it using home remedies. However, if the DIY (Do It Yourself) strategy does not work then, you can also use medicinal therapy.  They include the following. 

 

DIY (Do-It-Yourself):

  1. Exercising 
  2. Taking supplements regularly 
  3. Quit smoking 
  4. Hot or cold therapy for injury 
  5. Managing stress 
  6. Also, consuming anti-inflammatory food such as broccoli, berries, cherries etc.

 

Medicines:

  1. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs or NSAID’s such as aspirin
  2. Corticosteroids 
  3. Topical analgesics

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