Hypercalcemia is a medical condition in which there is a higher than normal level of calcium in the blood. Calcium is an important mineral that is necessary for healthy bones and teeth, muscle function, nerve transmission, and many other physiological processes in the body. However, when calcium levels become too high, it can lead to a range of health problems.
There are many potential causes of hypercalcemia, including overactive parathyroid glands, certain types of cancer, prolonged immobilization, and the use of certain medications, such as thiazide diuretics. Symptoms of hypercalcemia can include fatigue, muscle weakness, constipation, nausea, and frequent urination.
Treatment for hypercalcemia depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, treatment may involve addressing the underlying condition, such as treating cancer or hyperparathyroidism. In other cases, medications may be used to reduce calcium levels in the blood. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan based on the underlying cause of hypercalcemia.