Disease, health

Gynecomastia (Enlargement of Breast Tissue in Men)

Gynecomastia is a medical condition in which males develop breast tissue that is larger than normal. This condition is caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone in the body, with an increase in estrogen relative to testosterone.

Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, and it can occur at any age. In newborns, it is often due to the mother’s hormones passing to the baby during pregnancy. In adolescents, it can be caused by hormonal changes during puberty, and it usually resolves on its own within a few years. In adults, gynecomastia can be caused by various factors, including certain medications, drug use, hormone imbalances, and underlying medical conditions such as liver disease, kidney failure, or cancer.

Symptoms of gynecomastia can include breast swelling, tenderness, and pain. In some cases, there may be discharge from the nipples. Gynecomastia can also cause psychological distress and affect a person’s self-image.

Treatment for gynecomastia depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, the condition may resolve on its own. If gynecomastia is caused by medication, switching to a different medication or adjusting the dosage may help. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the breast tissue. In addition, addressing any underlying medical conditions or hormone imbalances may also help to alleviate gynecomastia.

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