Glucose is a type of sugar that is the primary source of energy for the body’s cells. It is carried in the bloodstream and is used by the cells for energy as needed. Glucose comes from the foods we eat, including carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, rice, fruits, and dairy products.
The hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas, regulates the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. After a meal, the pancreas releases insulin to help move glucose from the bloodstream into the cells, where it can be used for energy.
Disorders of glucose metabolism, such as diabetes, can occur when the body has difficulty regulating the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. In diabetes, the body is either unable to produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces (type 2 diabetes). This can lead to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream, a condition known as hyperglycemia.
Treatment for glucose disorders typically involves managing blood glucose levels through changes in diet, physical activity, and medications. If you have symptoms of a glucose disorder, such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, or blurry vision, it is important to see a doctor for a diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Untreated or poorly managed glucose disorders can lead to serious complications, including heart disease, stroke, nerve damage, kidney damage, and vision loss. With proper medical care and lifestyle changes, however, many people with glucose disorders are able to manage their symptoms and lead a healthy, active life.