Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol)

Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, is a colorless, flammable, and volatile liquid with the chemical formula C2H5OH. It is the most common type of alcohol and is produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or through petrochemical processes. Ethanol is widely used as a solvent, fuel, and a feedstock for the production of various chemicals such as ethylene and acetic acid. It is also used as a beverage for human consumption in various alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and spirits. However, excessive consumption of ethanol can lead to health issues, including liver damage, addiction, and cognitive impairment.

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