Dark-colored urine can be a sign of an underlying health condition, and it is important to talk to your healthcare provider if you notice this symptom. Normally, urine ranges in color from pale yellow to amber, depending on its concentration.
Some possible causes of dark-colored urine include:
- Dehydration: When the body is dehydrated, urine becomes more concentrated and can appear darker in color.
- Liver diseases: Certain liver diseases, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis, can cause dark urine due to the presence of bilirubin in the urine.
- Rhabdomyolysis: This is a serious condition in which muscle tissue breaks down and releases a protein called myoglobin into the bloodstream, which can cause dark urine.
- Hemolytic anemia: A condition in which red blood cells break down too quickly, releasing hemoglobin into the bloodstream, which can cause dark urine.
- Certain medications: Certain medications, such as laxatives or some antibiotics, can cause dark urine as a side effect.
Treatment for dark-colored urine depends on the underlying cause. Your healthcare provider may order blood tests, urine tests, or imaging tests to help determine the cause. Treatment may involve addressing dehydration, stopping medication, or treating underlying conditions such as liver disease or anemia. If you are experiencing severe symptoms such as fever or abdominal pain, seek medical attention immediately.