Cirrhosis is a progressive liver disease that is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the liver. The liver is a vital organ that is responsible for a number of important functions, including the production of bile, the removal of toxic substances from the blood, and the regulation of the body’s metabolism.

Cirrhosis is typically caused by long-term damage to the liver, often as a result of chronic alcoholism, viral hepatitis, or other underlying liver diseases. The scar tissue that forms as a result of cirrhosis can interfere with the liver’s normal functioning and can lead to a variety of serious health problems.

Symptoms of cirrhosis can vary, but may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Itching
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Bruising or bleeding easily
  • Confusion or changes in mental function
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, and belly

Cirrhosis is often diagnosed after a physical examination and through the use of imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans. There is no cure for cirrhosis, but treatment can help to slow the progression of the disease and manage its symptoms.

Treatment for cirrhosis may include lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and avoiding alcohol, as well as medications to manage symptoms and complications. In some cases, liver transplantation may be necessary to treat cirrhosis and prevent further damage to the liver.

It is important to seek prompt medical treatment if you have symptoms of cirrhosis or other liver problems. With proper treatment, many people with cirrhosis are able to manage their symptoms and maintain a good quality of life.

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