Cancer

Breast Cancer

It is when a lump or a tumour forms within the ‘Breast’ tissue in a human being that Breast Cancer occurs. This type of cancer may occur in both men and women. However, the detection rate of this disorder is higher in females than in males. In the United States of America, in fact, after skin, women are mostly affected by Breast Cancer. The advancement in medical technology in diagnosing this cancer over the years has undoubtedly improved the survival rate of Breast Cancer. It is a scientific fact that about 5 to 10% of breast cancer is due to genetic factors. 

Also, statistically speaking, in 2018, about 2.09 Breast Cancer cases were reported worldwide. 1 in 7 women, which makes for about 14% of females worldwide, suffer from this serious medical condition that affects the Breast. It is the most common invasive cancer that impacts a woman apart from the lung. Hence, here is a few essential facts you need to know about Breast Cancer.

 

How does Breast Cancer Occur?

Like other types, Breast Cancer happens in an individual when interaction occurs between a genetically predisposed host and external factors such as environmental. Besides, cancer occurs within the Breast when cells within them lose their ability to stop dividing, attach to other cells, and stay where they belong. They eventually die away at the appropriate time.

 

What are The Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

 Usually, you can detect an individual suffering from Breast Cancer by using the following signs and symptoms given below: 

  1. Transformation in the appearance of Breasts in terms of size and shape 
  2. Scaling, crusting, or flaking around the pigmented area of the skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin 
  3. A lump in the Breast 
  4. Alteration in the breast skin, such as dimpling 
  5. Pitting or redness over the skin of the Breast

 

Causative Factors of Breast Cancer:

It is a basic scientific fact that cancer in the Breast occurs when abnormal cells within them multiply and divide. However, the exact factors leading to Breast Cancer are still unknown. There are, moreover, research studies which show that there are few risk factors that may serve as a trigger to this type of cancer. They include the following: 

Age:

It is found that once you cross the age limit of 55 years or more, the chances of acquiring Breast Cancer increases

Sex:

Women are more likely to get Breast Cancer than men

Hormone Replacement Therapy:

People who use such treatment increase their probability of getting Breast Cancer 

Obesity:

Adding extra fat to your body does increase the risk of getting Breast Cancer and its recurrence 

Smoking:

Also, there are scientific studies that show a correlation between smoking tobacco and acquiring Breast Cancer 

Alcohol:

Use of alcohol can also trigger Breast Cancer especially certain types

 

What are The Types of Breast Cancer?

You need to be aware of very few types of breast cancer. They are as follows: 

  1. Ductal carcinoma in situ
  2. Inflammatory Breast Cancer
  3. Paget’s disease of the Breast
  4. Triple Negative Breast Cancer
  5. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

 

How to Treat Breast Cancer?

Like Breast Cancer which comes in many types, its treatment is available in many options. What works for you and what does not will depend on the size, tumour’s location, laboratory test results, etc. We are here to present to you a few Breast Cancer treatments you can choose.

Breast Cancer Surgery:

This involves removing the small part or entire Breast itself using procedures known as lumpectomy and mastectomy.

Chemotherapy:

Via this procedure, an anti-cancer drug is used to kill off the cancerous tumour

Radiation Therapy:

It is yet another diagnostic procedure used to kill cancerous cells leftover after the completion of lumpectomy and mastectomy

So, if you happen to have Breast Cancer or know someone suffering from it, then you need to make sure that you understand the risk factors involved, signs and symptoms you need to check, types of Breast Cancer, and how you treat this medical condition. Doing so will enable you to choose the proper Breast Cancer treatment to keep it totally at bay entirely away from your body.

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