The bladder is a muscular sac in the pelvic area that stores urine produced by the kidneys. It is connected to the kidneys by two tubes called ureters, which carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. When the bladder is full, the muscles in its wall contract and force urine out of the body through a tube called the urethra.
The bladder has several important functions, including:
- Storage: The bladder stores urine until it is convenient to release it.
- Control: The muscles in the bladder wall allow a person to voluntarily control the release of urine.
- Empty: When the bladder is full, the muscles in its wall contract to empty it.
Bladder problems, such as urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, and bladder stones, can affect bladder function. In some cases, these problems can be treated with medications, lifestyle changes, or medical procedures. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. If you are experiencing bladder problems, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional to determine the cause and determine the best course of treatment.