Bladder pain refers to discomfort or pain that is felt in the area of the bladder, which is a hollow organ located in the lower abdomen that stores urine until it is excreted from the body. Bladder pain can have several possible causes, including:
- Urinary tract infection (UTI): A bacterial infection of the urinary tract, including the bladder, can cause bladder pain and discomfort.
- Interstitial cystitis (IC): A chronic condition that causes inflammation and irritation of the bladder wall, leading to pain and discomfort.
- Bladder stones: Hard, mineral deposits that form in the bladder can cause pain, especially when the stones pass through the urinary tract.
- Bladder cancer: Cancerous growths in the bladder can cause pain and discomfort.
- Overactive bladder syndrome: A condition in which the bladder muscles contract involuntarily, causing the frequent urge to urinate and sometimes pain.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation treatment to the pelvic region for cancer can cause bladder pain and other urinary problems.
Treatment for bladder pain depends on the underlying cause. In many cases, antibiotics or other medications may be prescribed to treat a UTI or other infection. Pain management strategies, such as heat therapy, medication, or nerve stimulation, may also be recommended. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. It is important to see a healthcare professional if you experience persistent or severe bladder pain or other urinary symptoms.