Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Illness)

What is Bipolar ?

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. People with bipolar disorder experience alternating periods of mania or hypomania (elevated or irritable mood) and depression (sad or hopeless mood).

During manic episodes, individuals with bipolar disorder may feel extremely happy, have a lot of energy, experience racing thoughts, and have difficulty sleeping. They may also engage in impulsive or reckless behaviors, such as spending sprees, risky sexual behavior, or substance abuse.

During depressive episodes, individuals may feel sad, hopeless, and lack energy. They may also experience symptoms such as decreased appetite and weight, trouble sleeping, and difficulty concentrating.

Bipolar disorder can range from mild to severe and can have a significant impact on daily life and relationships. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Diagnosis of bipolar disorder typically involves a thorough evaluation by a mental health professional, including a review of symptoms and medical history. Treatment for bipolar disorder may include a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes. With proper treatment, many people with bipolar disorder are able to manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.

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