health, Infections

Anthelmintics (Anti-Parasitics)

What is Anthelmintics ?

Anthelmintics are drugs or chemicals used to treat parasitic worm infections such as roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, and others. They work by killing or disabling the worms, causing them to be expelled from the body. Some common anthelmintics include albendazole, mebendazole, ivermectin, and praziquantel.


What are The Uses of Anthelmintics ?

Anthelmintics are primarily used to treat parasitic worm infections, including:

  1. Intestinal worm infections: such as roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, and others that cause digestive symptoms and malnutrition.
  2. Liver fluke infections: caused by a type of parasite called fluke, which can damage the liver and bile ducts.
  3. Eye worm infections: caused by a type of parasite called Onchocerca volvulus, which can cause itching and vision problems.
  4. Tapeworm infections: including beef, pork, and fish tapeworms, which can cause digestive symptoms, anemia, and malnutrition.

Anthelmintics may also be used to prevent the transmission of worm infections in livestock, pets, and wild animals.


What are The Dosage of Anthelmintics ?

The dosage of anthelmintics varies depending on the type of parasite infection, the patient’s age, weight, and general health, and the specific drug used. It is important to follow the dosing instructions given by a healthcare provider or as indicated on the drug label.

Some common anthelmintics and their typical dosages are:

  1. Albendazole: 400 mg orally once a day, for 3 to 7 days
  2. Mebendazole: 100 mg orally two times a day, for 3 consecutive days
  3. Ivermectin: 200 to 400 µg/kg orally once a day, for 1 to 2 days
  4. Praziquantel: 40 mg/kg orally once a day, for 1 to 2 days

It is important to note that these are general guidelines and the actual dosage may vary based on the specific parasite infection, patient, and the judgment of the treating healthcare provider.


What are The Side Effects of Anthelmintics Medicines ?

Anthelmintic drugs can cause side effects, although not everyone experiences them. Common side effects of anthelmintics include:

  1. Nausea and vomiting
  2. Diarrhea
  3. Abdominal pain and cramping
  4. Headache
  5. Dizziness
  6. Rash or itching
  7. Loss of appetite

In some cases, anthelmintics can cause more serious side effects, including:

  1. Liver damage
  2. Allergic reactions
  3. Neurological symptoms, such as seizures or muscle weakness
  4. Blood disorders, such as anemia or low white blood cell count

It is important to inform your healthcare provider if you experience any side effects while taking anthelmintic drugs. If you experience severe side effects or an allergic reaction, seek medical attention immediately.

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