Ankle or foot edema is the swelling of the soft tissue in the ankle or foot, which can result in discomfort or pain. It is often caused by the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues.
There are many potential causes of ankle or foot edema. Some common causes include prolonged standing or sitting, pregnancy, injury or trauma to the area, or an underlying medical condition such as heart, liver, or kidney disease. Certain medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure or diabetes, can also cause ankle or foot edema as a side effect.
Treatment of ankle or foot edema depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, lifestyle modifications may be recommended, such as elevating the affected leg above heart level, reducing salt intake, and engaging in regular exercise. Compression stockings or wraps may also be recommended to help reduce swelling. In more severe cases, medications to improve circulation or remove excess fluid may be prescribed.
In addition to medical treatment, there are steps that can be taken to prevent ankle or foot edema. These may include maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, and avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing. In some cases, a healthcare provider may recommend wearing support stockings or shoes to help prevent swelling.
It’s important to speak with a healthcare provider if ankle or foot edema persists or is accompanied by other symptoms, such as pain, redness, or warmth in the affected area. They can help to identify the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment.