Angina pectoris is a type of chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. This can occur when the heart’s demand for oxygen is greater than the supply that is being delivered, resulting in a buildup of waste products and decreased oxygenation of the heart muscle.
Angina pectoris is most often a symptom of underlying heart disease, such as coronary artery disease, in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrow or blocked. It can also be a sign of an impending heart attack or myocardial infarction.
The symptoms of angina pectoris can include pressure, tightness, squeezing, or burning pain in the chest, as well as discomfort or pain in the arms, neck, jaw, shoulder, or back. Some people may also experience shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, or nausea.
Treatment for angina pectoris may include medications to improve blood flow, reduce the workload on the heart, and lower the risk of blood clots, as well as lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise. In some cases, procedures such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery may be necessary to improve blood flow to the heart.
If you experience symptoms of angina pectoris, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible, as this may be a sign of an underlying heart condition that requires treatment. Your healthcare provider can help to determine the cause of your symptoms and develop a treatment plan to improve your heart health and reduce your risk of complications.