Amoxicillin is a type of β-lactam antibiotic that is commonly used to treat bacterial infections. It is a penicillin-type antibiotic and works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. This leads to the death of the bacteria and helps to clear the infection.
Amoxicillin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, including ear infections, throat infections, sinus infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections. It can also be used to treat Helicobacter pylori infections in combination with other medications.
Amoxicillin is usually taken orally, and the dosage and duration of treatment depend on the type and severity of the infection being treated. Common side effects of amoxicillin include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. In rare cases, it can cause more serious side effects, such as an allergic reaction or liver damage. Therefore, it is important to take amoxicillin only as directed by a healthcare provider and to report any side effects to them immediately.