Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a common condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the nasal passages and sinuses. It is caused by an allergic reaction to environmental triggers such as pollen, mold, dust mites, or pet dander.
Common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Itchy nose, throat, or eyes
- Postnasal drip (mucus dripping down the back of the throat)
- Dark circles under the eyes
Allergic rhinitis can be diagnosed by a doctor through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and skin or blood tests.
Treatment for allergic rhinitis typically involves avoiding triggers, taking over-the-counter or prescription medications to relieve symptoms, and using nasal sprays to reduce inflammation. In severe cases, immunotherapy (allergy shots) may be recommended.
It is important to work with a doctor to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs. With proper treatment, most people with allergic rhinitis are able to effectively manage their symptoms and reduce their impact on daily life.