Adrenal steroids are a group of hormones produced by the adrenal glands, which are small glands located on top of the kidneys. The two main types of adrenal steroids are glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids.
Glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, are involved in the regulation of glucose metabolism, the immune response, and the body’s response to stress. They help the body cope with stress by increasing blood sugar levels and suppressing the immune system’s response to inflammation.
Mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone, are involved in the regulation of electrolyte and fluid balance in the body. They help regulate the balance of sodium and potassium in the body and play a role in controlling blood pressure.
Both glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids are important for maintaining normal bodily functions, and imbalances in these hormones can lead to various health problems. For example, excess cortisol production can result in conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome, while insufficient cortisol production can lead to Addison’s disease.