2-[(R)-(diphenylmethyl)sulfinyl]acetamide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C16H15NO2S. It is also known as Modafinil, a medication used to treat narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder.

Modafinil works by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, including dopamine, norepinephrine, and histamine. This results in increased wakefulness and alertness, which can help people with sleep disorders to stay awake during the day and improve their ability to focus and concentrate.

The chemical structure of modafinil includes a sulfinyl group, which is believed to be responsible for its wake-promoting effects. The compound is administered orally and is metabolized in the liver, with a half-life of approximately 15 hours.

It is important to note that modafinil is a prescription medication and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider. It can have potential side effects such as headaches, nausea, insomnia, and anxiety, and can also interact with other medications, so it is important to discuss its use with a doctor.

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